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Wiggio Group Name: Inequality Theories
Theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking. Depending on the context, this might include generalized explanations for how things work. One modern group of meanings emphasizes the speculative and generalizing nature of theory.
Watch the video below to get a better understanding of what a theory is. This video speaks to the questioning of Darwin’s Theory of evolution in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District.
For example in the arts and philosophy, the term “theoretical” may be used to describe ideas and empirical phenomena which are not easily measurable. And by extension of the philosophical meaning, “theoria” is also a word still used in theological contexts. As already in Aristotle’s definitions, theory is very often contrasted to “practice” (from Greek praxis, πρᾶξις) a Greek term for “doing”, which is opposed to theory because pure theory involves no doing apart from itself.
Theories are analytical tools for understanding, explaining, and making predictions about a given subject matter. There are theories in many and varied fields of study, including the arts and sciences. A formal theory is syntactic in nature and is only meaningful when given a semantic component by applying it to some content (i.e. facts and relationships of the actual historical world as it is unfolding). Theories may be expressed mathematically, symbolically, or in common language, but are generally expected to follow principles of rational thought or logic.